Academician Jordan Malinowski was born on 03.06.1923 ...
Acad. J. Malinowski (1923 - 1996)
Academician Jordan Malinowski was born on 03.06.1923 in Sliven, Bulgaria. He studied in the American college in Sofia and after graduation in 1943, he took part in the World War II and was awarded a medal. In 1948 he graduated the Faculty of mathematics and physics with specialty “Chemistry” in Sofia State University “Kl. Ohridski” and worked as a research associate in the field of physical chemistry. From 1948 up to 1958 he was a research associate in the Institute of Physics to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS). He got his PhD degree in chemistry in 1958 and his Doctor of Science degree in 1969. In 1959 he was elected for an associated professor, and in 1964 – for professor in the Institute of physical chemistry to BAS. In 1989 he was elected for an academician of BAS. He was a founder of the Central laboratory of photoprocesses to BAS (1967) being its director up to 1992, when it was elected for the President of BAS. He remained on this high position till the end of his life in 1996.
Academician Jordan Malinowski began his scientific activity in the field of electro-crystallization under the guidance of academician Rostislav Kaishev. As a research associate in the Institute of Physics to BAS, he obtained substantial results on physical formation of photo-emulsions. He developed a method for differential development which permitted creation of photo-materials with new improved characteristics and which had been applied by many photographic firms. A special place in his scientific activity took simulations of the mechanism of the elementary photo-process for mono-crystals of silver bromide. For this purpose a method was developed for direct synthesis of mono-crystals from super-pure silver halides, which is still widely used all over the world for synthesis of compounds of high purity that are sensitive to light and other radiations.
Further in his career, the interests of academician Jordan Malinowski were focused on study of formation of the “latent image” - an invisible image, formed at illumination of the photo-sensitive material, which is visualized by means of physical and chemical development. The obtained unique results proved the important role of the so called photo-holes in the photoinduced changes in silver halides. These results were in the base of a new theory, which became wellknown in the international scientific literature as a “symmetric scheme of Malinowski”. It takes in account both electrons and photo-holes. It has been established by modeling that one of the rather complicated and unclear processes – action of the developer which distinguishes the exposed from the non-exposed parts of the photo-material – is a special case of the theory of crystal growth. The systematic research made possible clarification of the photographic process also in others photo-sensitive materials, including non-silver compounds. Advanced technologies for photomaterials production have been developed on the basis of highly effective completely dry approach for deposition of silver and non-silver light-sensitive substances by evaporation in vacuum. Practical implementation of the pioneer achievements of academician Jordan Malinowski made possible organization of a new for Bulgaria high-tech field – production of photo-raster transducers.
Academician Jordan Malinowski was widely recognized all over the world. He was an honorable member of the Royal society of the United Kingdom, of American and Japanese societies for photographic science and technique, of European academy of sciences, art and literature, of Academy of Valonia in Belgium etc. He was awarded numerious national and international awards as the medal of the German academy for natural sciences, Lieven-Gevaert Medal – the most prestigious award of American society for photographic science and technique, award for the best paper of the year of the American journal for photographic science and technique (2 times); Dimitrov award; decorations “Republic Bulgaria” – ІІІ degree, “Cyrill and Methodius” – ІІ degree, medal “1300 anniversary of Bulgaria”, medal “100 years BAS” etc. Many years he was a member of the International committee for photographic science and editor in prestigious international journals. As an outstanding scientist he was invited to deliver keynote lectures at all international conferences in the field of photographic processes.
As a president of BAS academician Jordan Malinowski fruitfully worked for reforming the Academy. He made a lot of efforts to keep the leading position of BAS in the scientific community of Bulgaria and Bulgarian society. Doctor's thesis of Acad. J. Malinowski (in Bulgarian, .pdf)
Most significant applied scientific achievement for 2019
Highly Efficient Biosensor, coordinator assoc. prof.Georgi Dyankov, PhD. The achievement is in the field of biophotonics and is development of a new type of a biosensor capable of detecting extremely low glucose concentrations. This will allow the non-invasive determination of blood sugar by saliva analysis. A synergy effect was realized ...
Most significant applied scientific achievement for 2019
Left: spectral shift of the resonances of a grating coated with a 120 nanometer layer of hemoglobin due to its interaction with solutions with different glucose concentrations; minimum detectable concentration of 0.2 mmol / L; on the right : spectral shift of resonances of a grating not coated with hemoglobin at the same interaction.
The achievement is in the field of biophotonics and is development of a new type of a biosensor capable of detecting extremely low glucose concentrations. This will allow the non-invasive determination of blood sugar by saliva analysis. A synergy effect was realized by: 1) creating a nanostructured hemoglobin (Hb) film by a modified laser deposition method, which preserves the biological activity of the Hb molecules; 2) glucose-Hb interaction used for the first time for in vitro determination of glucose concentration; 3) use of a high-performance optical transducer, such as a diffraction grating made of optical fiber. The results are published in Optics and Laser Technology - списание от категорията Q1: G.Dyankov, T.Eftimov, N.Malinovski, E.Belina, H.Kisov, P.Mikulic, W.Bock, Highly Efficient Biosensor based on MAPLE Deposited Hemoglobin on LPGs Around Phase Matching Turning Point. Optics and Laser Technology, Elsevier, 2019
Azo and azoazomethine dyes as optical recording media, coordinator assist. prof. Anton Georgiev, PhD. The achievement is in the field of optical recording methods and is the study of the relationship between structure and photoinduced birefringence of six azo and azoazomethine dyes as films in a polymethyl methacrylate matrix. Photoinduced isomerization between...
Most significant scientific achievement for 2019
Azo and azoazomethine dyes as optical recording media, coordinator assist. prof. Anton Georgiev, PhD.
Schematic representation of trans (E) → cis (Z) → trans (E) photoisomerization cycles of azo and azoazomethine dyes and profiles of sequential recording and erasing under laser excitation at 442 nm; (a) azo dye; (b) azoazomethine dye.
The achievement is in the field of optical recording methods and is the study of the relationship between structure and photoinduced birefringence of six azo and azoazomethine dyes as films in a polymethyl methacrylate matrix. Photoinduced isomerization between trans (E) and cis (Z) isomers and magnetic anisotropy are the main properties of these substances that determine their practical application as optical recording media. Birefringence (Δn) was investigated with 355 and 442 nm (E → Z) wavelength lasers. Molecular switches containing photoactive -N = N- (azo) or -CH = N- (azomethine) groups undergo reversible trans (E) ↔ cis (Z) isomerization. As a result of these changes, different spectral and optical properties are obtained for the two isomers that are used in photonic technology. The results are published in Optical Materials: A. Stoilova, A. Georgiev, L. Nedelchev, D. Nazarova, D. Dimov, Structure-property relationship and photoinduced birefringence of the azo and azo-azomethine dyes thin films in PMMA matrix. Optical Materials, 87, Elsevier, 2019
The Institute of Optical Materials and Technologies (IOMT) “Academician Jordan Malinowski” has been established on July 1, 2010 by merging two research units: The Central Laboratory of Photo-processes and The Central Laboratory of Optical Recording and Processing of Information. The main research goals of the institute are: ⁕ Investigation of ...
The Institute of Optical Materials and Technologies (IOMT) “Academician Jordan Malinowski” has been established on July 1, 2010 by merging two research units: The Central Laboratory of Photo-processes and The Central Laboratory of Optical Recording and Processing of Information. The main research goals of the institute are: ⁕ Investigation of photo-induced processes in micro- and nano-sized layers and structures and to develop high-technology novel materials and methods for optical applications in flexible transparent electronics, ecology, biomedicine, food industry, non-destructive testing and cultural heritage protection; ⁕ Training of highly qualified personnel in these areas. Training of graduates and postgraduates; ⁕ Carrying out interdisciplinary research and joint projects with experts from other research units; ⁕ Implementation of the scientific product through innovation and knowledge transfer to industry.◊